Because of the rapid increase in commercially available Fourier transform infrared spectrometers and computers over the past ten years, it has now become feasible to use IR spectrometry to characterize very thin films at extended interfaces. At the same time, interest in thin films has grown tremendously because of applications in microelectronics, sensors, catalysis, and nanotechnology. The Handbook of Infrared Spectroscopy of Ultrathin Films provides a practical guide to experimental methods, up-to-date theory, and considerable reference data, critical for scientists who want to measure and interpret IR spectra of ultrathin films. This authoritative volume also: Offers information needed to effectively apply IR spectroscopy to the analysis and evaluation of thin and ultrathin films on flat and rough surfaces and on powders at solid-gaseous, solid-liquid, liquid-gaseous, liquid-liquid, and solid-solid interfaces. <ul><li>Provides full discussion of theory underlying techniques <li>Describes experimental methods in detail, including optimum conditions for recording spectra and the interpretation of spectra <li>Gives detailed information on equipment, accessories, and techniques <li>Provides IR spectroscopic data tables as appendixes, including the first compilation of published data on longitudinal frequencies of different substances <li>Covers new approaches, such as Surface Enhanced IR spectroscopy (SEIR), time-resolved FTIR spectroscopy, high-resolution microspectroscopy and using synchotron radiation</ul>
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The highly successful textbook on research and writing makes every step of the process accessible to paralegal students. The authors provide effective research tools, practical strategies and an efficient procedure for researching the law with both traditional and electronic sources. Step-by-step instruction leads students through each stage of activity, from prewriting to revising, and covers the IRAC method, legal memoranda, letters, and more. Invaluable pedagogy features examples, exhibits, expert writing tips, exercises, practice tips, ethics alerts, and web resources. Detailed subheadings provide quick access to topics, and appendices on helpful topics such as Shepardizing and Cite Checking, Citation and Sample Memoranda round out the presentation. The Student Workbook provides for extensive practice, sharpening research and writing skills.
Thoroughly revised, the Sixth Edition presents new sample pages and updated exercises. Citation coverage has been updated to the 4th edition of ALWD and the 19th edition of The Bluebook. Inclusion of all the latest changes in legal research led to the revision of references, links, and examples. Students are now given more coaching on the practical aspects of outlining.
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